Wednesday, June 24, 2020

Tata Jaguar Land Rover Case Study - 3850 Words

Tata Jaguar Land Rover Case Study (Coursework Sample) Content: Tata Jaguar Land Rover Case Study Name Institution Tata Jaguar Land Rover Case Study Q1. Firms are currently adopting common and modern approaches to market their brands around the world. That is, managers and business owners are discovering that marketing of goods on a global origin with few alteration in local markets can be more proficient than trying to adapt brands to each market (Swaminathan et al. 2007, p.248). Furthermore, the rising globalization of communications, simplified by the Internet, empowers the marketers in identifying global consumer sections. Therefore, global products are becoming the core to marketing strategies of multinational's growth, beyond the boundaries of global adaptation, industries are also strategically developing their brands through line extensions. Line extensions is the process whereby new goods hosted in an already surviving category under the existing brand title to acquire massive sales (Allman Fenik, 2013, p.121). When corporations market an international brand, the country of origin (COO), that headquarters the good's manufacturer could be risky, concerning client attitudes as well as behavior (Allman et al. 2016, p.41). Consequently, affecting the performance of the brand in different markets around the globe. Revolution of business strategies and the environment is a result of developmental ideas and concepts that have transformed the formulation of the strategy process. With the use of a sophisticated process, firms have strength to continuously and more efficiently anticipate upcoming opportunities, creating value-generating investment choices as well as determining the kind of products and services ideas to pioneer (Shen et al. 2011, p. 93). Creating a strategic formulation practice is one of the concepts that distinguishes the firm's ability to stay ahead in the competitive business world. Developing the strategy formulation that integrates logic, analysis, creativity and innovation nee d new ways of carrying out activities and thinking aspect. Q2. A strategy is a step of determining the long-term objectives as well as the goals of a firm or a business enterprise, and this also involves adopting a course of action to the industry so that the allocation of resources needed for the accomplishment of these objectives is sustained (Gokus, 2015, p.3). Before a strategy is adopted it should be compliant to the three top branches that is the context, content and the process. TATA Jaguar Land Rover multinationals pursue a transnational business strategy. A transnational approach is whereby a multinational's business actions often coordinated through the cooperation and interdependence among its head offices, operational sections in the firm and globally located subsidiaries. The strategy adopted by the TATA JLR will provide the multinational with the benefits of centralization offered by the global strategy in line with the local responsiveness features of the national strategies (White 2014, p.73). One of the major forward steps towards the acquisition and merger is that you need to have a good transnational strategy before shifting the products from one nation to another (Magdalena et al. 2008, p.1). The approach allows the business to perform its operations in many countries with a diverse degree of coordination as well as assimilation of the strategy and performance (Higgins et al. 2015, p.675). Q3. The strategy makes logic to TATA Jaguar Land Rover alliance. Since TATA acquired Jaguar Land Rover from British national enterprise and did not intend to do away with the JLR employees, consequently, they maintained them in the new alliance company (Merdzanovska, 2015, p.362). The only way the new alliance could be successful was to adopt a new approach to the business after the failure of DaimlerChrysler and Mitsubishi Alliance. The firm adopted the transnational strategy that was different from that adopted by their predecessor. TATA Jaguar Land Rover successfully employed the strategy when they opted to respect the existing management culture already in Jaguar Land Rover rather than imposing their new foreign culture (Abbott Snidal, 2013, p.95). TATA Jaguar Land Rover needed to do things differently from their counterparts DaimlerChrysler and Mitsubishi Alliance. Transnational strategy allowed TATA to leave the present management structures in both firms and therefore, no effort was made to put the Indian managers on JLR (Wangmo Sherab, 2016, p.86). Consequently, the strategy helped the alliance to become successful in managing their outlet retails and inspiring trust in JLR. Q4. Tata Motor's established a clear strategy concerning the consolidation of the alliance, which allowed continued investment on the Indian and global market by focusing on product development as well as acquisitions and partnerships. TATA acquired Jaguar Land Rover for approximately $2.3 billion in the 2008 and one feature highlighted from the collaborations is that TATA Motor Limited showed an interest in maintaining the products identities intact while integrating the experience and the skills of the employees to its evolution (Seema, 2016, p.17). The acquisition and merger indicated a major milestone since TML could now enter the global market by integrating the technology at their disposal and diversifying their product. Furthermore, TML could, therefore, reach a designated public evolving markets that nations have significant development in the short-term period. Besides the acquisition of JLR brought various advantages to TATA Motors due its potential strengths. Firstly, Jaguar Land Rover would provide access to technological development and skills that would be needed to improve the standards of TATA products in the Indian market (Chatterjee Banerjee, 2013, p.17). Because of the acquisition of JRL showed less dependency on Indian market once TATA would provide standard products and could remove competitors. The alliance means the acquisition of technology and skills to improve Tata Motor Limited low-ends with no additional expenses since the management aspect will be integrated. The strengths of JLR facilitated one of the key performance indicators, and the acquisition would offer synergy in parts of component sourcing, designing and engineering of the production process. The benefits entailed more zones such as JLR's service and network distribution that was fairly significant to globalized expansion. With the alliance, TATA Motors will be making a sale of cars from $ 2.5 billion (Nano car) to $65 billion (Jaguar). The future of the Jaguar and Land Rover brands under the ownership of the Indian TATA Motors was uncertain in 2008 since the global financial crisis spread-out with no reliable indicator of whether sales would ever grow again. In a competitive business market for achieving the objectives of the enterprise, the management requires being a global player to manage all the risk and uncertainty that come up with the prospects. Besides the company expects to develop strategies and plans built on the internal strengths and the external opportunities. Tata Motors acquisition of Jaguar and Land Rover was a unique instance of exploring this opportunity. Nonetheless, in the first ten months post- Alliance, the selling of the units dropped down by 32 per cent and the unit department recorded a decrease and subsequently a loss of approximately 281 million pounds ($461 billion). However, Jaguar Land Rover produced an unprecedented sale of approximately 462,678 vehicles worldwide in 2014, up from 425,000 during the previous year, with a projection to reach a half a million in the next year. The TATA and JLR Limited launched a manufacturing plant the same year, this was the fifth recorded globally, with a vision to reach 750,000 units to be sold yearly at the close of the decade. The acquisition of JLR brought a turnaround experience to the Tata Motors, for the fiscal year that ended 2010, automobile maker's returns in excess by 9.2 billion pounds ($15 billion) while the net revenue for the same period was approximately $1.5 billion. The strengths of JLR included globally positioned products, durable product collection of award superfluity goods and vehicles. The current financial status of the alliance will assist to analyze the success level of the acquisition strategy of the Jaguar Land Rover. The acquisition can be deemed essential to the growth of Indian auto industry. However, Tata Motors Limited recorded a fall in both passenger vehicle and commercial vehicles segment by an approximately 4.7 percent and 22.4 respectively in Financial Year 13-14. But there was a growth in Tata Motors by 73.3 per cent as a result of JLR luxury products and vehicles. During the financial year 2013-2014, the total sales rose to 429,861 units from 372,062 units in the fiscal year 2012-2013 an increase of 15.5 percent as shown in Table 2. The growth in the sales of units closely links with the high value of products from JLR. Furthermore, the passenger car sales achieved a new peak of approximately 18.4 million units during the year to the month of March, growing tremendously fast than any of the two previous years. The total JLR trades in the China, however, managed 103,077 up from 77,075 in the fiscal year 2012-2013. Jaguar sale volumes were doubled to 19,891 units whereas Land Rover sales were 83,186 units. Table 1: Comparing Demand of Autos in FY 12-13 of Industry and TATA Category Industry sales Nos. Company sales Nos. Market Share (%) FY 12-13 FY 13-14 Growth (%) FY 12-13 FY 13-14 Growth (%) FY 12-13 FY 13-14 Commercial vehicle 900,433 698,907 -22.4 536,232 377,909 -29.5 59.6 54.1 Passenger vehicle 2,557,566 2,438,502 -4.7 229,325 141,846 ...

Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Swot Analysis - 1235 Words

SWOT Analysis Opportunities The Bank is very well placed with a good and assured customer base from the level of the government and the public sector business. Many patriotic Nationals will do business with Sample Bank Ltd because they know that the profits of the Bank belong to the people of the country and are used for the country’s development. The availability of modern telecommunication systems and technology will facilitate the improvement and strengthening of the Bank’s international business and ATM services, and the development of new services, such as telephone banking. The increased access to computers by customers will allow the bank to reach more target groups through electronic communication. The tourism industry is growing†¦show more content†¦These institutions are not regulated by Central bank and hence they are not restricted in their operations. They have been paying very high rates on deposits and have also been offering more and more of the services which were traditi onally offered by commercial banks. The Eastern Caribbean Securities Exchange (ECSE), which was recently opened by the ECCB across the eight member territories of the ECCB currency union, will present other investment opportunities to customers and could reduce our deposits, as well as our chance to raise additional deposits. You are free to copy and edit this swot analysis threats example. SWOT Analysis Strengths Our leading position in the industry, with respect to our market shares of assets, loans and deposits, puts us in a position to influence the level of interest rates. We are the only local commercial bank with a Board of Directors, a Board that can attract good business to the Bank as it consists of successful respected business people with a good mix of expertise in key industries and with strong social links in the country. Approval of loans is faster with a local Board in place. Most of the staff are young and have the requisite capabilities, and are re-trainable for newer systems and technology. This will therefore make the selection and training of the sales team easy. All the members of theShow MoreRelatedSwot Analysis Of Swot And Swot Analysis738 Words   |  3 Pagesknown as SWOT analysis. The SWOT analysis is business analysis method that business can use for each of its department when deciding on the most perfect way to increase their business and future growth. This procedure identifies the internal and external strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats that are in the markets. SWOT analysis helps you decide your position against your competitors, identifies best future opportunities, and highlight current and future threats. SWOT analysis is an acronymRead MoreSwot Analysis Of Swot Analysis : Swot1223 Words   |  5 PagesOnStar – SWOT Analysis To help OnStar determine if home monitoring services should be added to its list of products and services, a SWOT analysis should be completed. A SWOT analysis is a situation analysis or tool used to identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of an organization (SWOT Analysis Definition | Investopedia, 2005). Thus, it is a basic straightforward model that determines what an organization, like OnStar, can and cannot do, as well as determines its opportunitiesRead MoreSwot Analysis Of Swot Analysis : Swot911 Words   |  4 Pages SWOT Analysis In the article â€Å"SWOT analysis† Harmon (2015) offered a definition for SWOT analysis, the purpose of the SWOT analysis, the advantages of performing a SWOT analysis, and outlined and discussed the four components of the SWOT analysis. SWOT analysis is a planning and brainstorming tool that helps people evaluate an idea or project for a business or formulate a business plan (Harmon, 2015). It should be noted that SWOT analysis is an acronym for Strengths, Weaknesses, OpportunitiesRead MoreSwot Analysis : Swot And Swot1081 Words   |  5 PagesSWOT Analysis: A SWOT analysis (SWOT matrix) first used by Stanford Research Institute during 1960-1970 and it was presented by Mr. Albert S. Humphrey a American business and management consultant by using data from fortune 500 companies. We can succeed in our life if we use our talents to our full extent. Similarly, we‘ll have some problems if we know our weakness are, and if we manage these weaknesses so that we don’t matter in the work we do. To understand more about our self and our externalRead MoreSwot Analysis : A Swot1708 Words   |  7 Pages A SWOT analysis is â€Å"a structured planning method used to evaluate the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats involved in a project or in a business venture.†(en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SWOT analysis, 03/11/14). A swot analysis can also be used to examine a person’s attributes. The strengths and weaknesses usually are internal factors whereas threats and opportunities are mainly external. Advantage Disadvantage Internal Strengths 1. Self-motivated 2. I am organised; accurate and pay attentionRead MoreSwot Analysis : Swot And Swot2320 Words   |  10 PagesSWOT analysis focuses on the internal factors which are the company’s strengths and weaknesses as well as the external factors which are the opportunities and threats which are gained from situational analysis, which focuses on summarizing all the pertinent information acquired about the key three environments of internal, customer, and external (Ferrell Hartline, 2014, p. 39). A SWOT analysis further gives a company precise advantages and disadvantages in satisfying the needs of its selectedRead MoreSwot Analysis : A Swot852 Words   |  4 PagesStrength, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, commonly known as a SWOT analysis is used by businesses. Organizations use the SWOT analysis technique to figure out and understand their areas of strong suits (strengths), their inevitable flaws (weaknesses), prospects that the organization could look into (opportunities) a nd things that pose as intimidations to the organization (threats). There are many obstacles to overcome when it comes to international expansion. Obstacles such as; language andRead MoreSwot Analysis : Swot And Swot1957 Words   |  8 PagesSWOT analysis focuses on the internal factors which are the company’s strengths and weaknesses as well as the external factors which are the opportunities and threats which are gained from situational analysis which focuses on summarizing all the pertinent information acquired about the key three environments of internal, customer, and external (Ferrell Hartline, 2014, p. 39). A SWOT analysis further gives a company precise advantages and disadvantages in satisfying the needs of its selected marketsRead MoreSwot Analysis : The Swot1215 Words   |  5 PagesThe SWOT analysis was originally introduced by Andrews Christiansen, Guth and Learned in 1969 and its basic organizing principles have remained largely unchanged in the field of str ategic management. [BADEN-FULLER, C. H. A. R. L. E. S., STOPFORD, J. (2002). The Firm Matters More than the Industry. Strategy for Business: A Reader, 123.] It is a systematic framework which helps managers to develop their business strategies by appraising their internal and external determinants of their organization’sRead MoreSwot Analysis : The Swot1888 Words   |  8 PagesThe SWOT analysis, a strategic planning tool was developed by Albert Humphrey in the 1960’s and 1970’s. Albert is said to have come up with this strategic planning tool through the use of data the Fortune 500 companies in the United States of America at that time (Lancaster Massingham, 2011). A SWOT analysis determines the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, which are a relevant part of any organization especially the ones that get involved in new ventures. This tool assists the users

Monday, May 18, 2020

Since 1935, When Welfare Was Set In Place And Made Known,

Since 1935, when Welfare was set in place and made known, Americans have been profoundly impacted in many ways. Not just the recipient s economic state but also the society around them as a whole has been greatly affected as well. The Welfare system is constructed on the fundamentals of distribution and equality along with opportunities for individuals who cannot afford the minimum level of well-being in today s economic society. There has been much controversy surrounding Welfare based on the beliefs of some that it is an outdated and obsolete system. â€Å"During the Great Depression of the 1930s, local and state governments, as well as private charities, were overwhelmed by needy families seeking food, clothing, and shelter† (â€Å"How Welfare†¦show more content†¦Continually ever changing and pushing forward to help millions of people who cannot afford basic essential needs without it. For example, Welfare provides food stamps to people who are struggling with w ays to supply and place food on the table every day for themselves along with their families. During hard times, food stamps, become a very much needed basic staple that allows access to nutritious food and everyday living must haves. With food stamps, one can provide food for their family while using other income to help pay for things such as rent, other common living expenses, and bills. Welfare allows a section of society the opportunity to provide for their families and maintain a basic lifestyle and a decent opportunity to succeed in the standardized sub culture today. Another branch or aid that Welfare has in place is Section 8 or subsidized housing. Section 8 is an affordable housing act that has helped house roughly 4.8 million people individuals who have a low income and may struggle financially. Section 8 provides families with the most basic fundament living aspects, this being a safe and affordable housing structure to protect and provide shelter for the family unit. Th ose who are on Welfare are required to apply for jobs and show proof of doing so if they are currently unemployed. Programs are set in place to assist an individual in theirShow MoreRelatedThe Civilian Conservation Corps : A New Deal Program1504 Words   |  7 PagesFollowing the Civilian Conservation Corps, another new deal program was established. This one was known as The Tennessee Valley Authority. The Tennessee Valley Authority was established in 1933 in order to control floods, improve navigation, improve the living standards of farmers, and produce electrical power along the Tennessee River and its rivers. The Tennessee Valley Authority joined all the activities of the various government agencies in the area and placed them under the control of a singleRead MoreThe Great Depression By Franklin D. Roosevelt1653 Words   |  7 PagesThe longest, deepest, and most pervasive depression in American history was this that lasted from 1929 to 1939.This depression was one of the gre atest economic catastrophes in history; in fact, the real per capita gross domestic product was still below its 1929 level a decade later in comparison of the other depressions who had adjusted their GDP by then. The Great Depression was able to spread its effects and influence into every aspect of the lives of the people that were unfortunate to experienceRead MoreThe Federal Emergency Relief Act, Tennessee Valley Authority, Federal Housing Administration And The Social Security Act1288 Words   |  6 PagesAmerican society generally.† (Anderson, 2015, p. 72) Roosevelt’s description of the New Deal was that it would help to provide relief, recovery, and reform; this came to be known as the â€Å"3 Rs.† Many of the reforms were highly successful like the Federal Emergency Relief Act, Tennessee Valley Authority, Federal Housing Administration and the Social Security Act. In 1933 the Rural Rehabilitation Administration was established stemming from the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA). In an effortRead MoreWelfare Is A Program For Unemployed Or Poor People1759 Words   |  8 PagesWelfare is a program for unemployed or poor people in which the government helps pay for their housing, medical costs, food and more. It is government benefits that are distributed to people or families that are not financially stable. It enables them to maintain and keep a minimum or amount of well-being. There are programs that include the Women, Medicaid, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program, and Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) that give help to poor families. Back in the earlierRead MoreSocial Democracy And Its Impact On Social Policy Essay1512 Words   |  7 Pagesupon. Social democracy bases their ideas in state intervention to support the welfare creating egalitarianism. Whereas conservatism base their ideas by providing minimal state intervention, where tradition social institutions are conserved and natural authority is established. Both ideas support individuals by providing a good vision; this is achieved through the state implementing policies. Social Democracy. Since the early nineteenth century the reformist of social democracy has hugely affectedRead MoreWhy Did the Conservatives Loose the General Election of 1945?1770 Words   |  8 Pages The labour party had gone from a party which people feared as being socialist to a party which during the war had shown was very much a balanced party which would not ruin the middle and upper classes and yet provide services that would help the poor and also be available to the other classes. The conservatives had put little effort into running the country whilst the war was going on and had assumed that winning the war would be enough to be re-elected. The conservatives had been linked to causingRead More Major Strides Against Poverty Essay1991 Words   |  8 Pagesto become successful. Two Presidents come to mind when I think about the ways in which the government wishes to help the unfortunate. They are Franklin D. Roosevelt and Lyndon B. Johnson. These two administrations are the landmarks to the many programs and policies we see today that battle the likes of poverty and economic downfalls. The Great Depression Industrialization met its first and perhaps greatest obstacle in October 1929, when the stock market crashed that inevitably leads to theRead MoreUnited-Continental Meerger4494 Words   |  18 PagesWashington University Koushik Ghosh, Central Washington University Recommended Citation: Carbaugh, Robert J. and Ghosh, Koushik (2010) United-Continental Merger, Journal of Industrial Organization Education: Vol. 5: Iss. 1, Article 1. DOI: 10.2202/1935-5041.1034 Unauthenticated | 62.189.189.132 Download Date | 6/6/13 12:08 PM United-Continental Merger Robert J. Carbaugh and Koushik Ghosh Abstract This case study discusses the nature and likely effects of the proposed merger between UnitedRead MoreWoodrow Wilson s The League Of Nations1546 Words   |  7 Pageswar brought about too many damages in the world especially in countries that had the war going on in their home fronts. Huge amounts of lives were lost and countries had to suffer the pain of rebuilding themselves back from that devastation. There was no way they were going to allow another world war like that come again because it will literally cost them a fortune to rebuild their countries back again. This lead the countries, mainly the ones involved in the war, into creating a treaty to secureRead MoreStanding On The Shoulder Of Giants1712 Words   |  7 Pagesthe church timelines are the contemplative and the holiness tradition. The contemplative tradition started in the fourth century and emphasis was placed on solitude, meditation, and prayer. The contemplative move is traced back to monks living as hermits in the desert in the Middle East. In history, they are known as â€Å"Desert Fathers,† Antony of Egypt was an early leader of the movement. The holiness tradition or movement started in the early eighteenth century by John Wesley. The tradition

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

High Education College Is Not Academically Challenging As...

Pursing a higher education tends to be a very common choice for most people today. When one decides that they are going to attend college, there are a lot of decisions that he/she will need to make. With that being said, there is also a lot to take into consideration. The first thing that a college student needs to determine is whether they will be attending community college for the first two years, or a university. Some important factors to consider when deciding to start at a community college or a university are: the quality of the education, the likelihood to graduate with a bachelor’s degree, and the cost of tuition. To being with, the quality of education being offered is a very important thing to consider. A common misconception is that community college is not as academically challenging as a university. Contrary to what most people think, there is actually no significant difference between the qualities of education at a community college versus a university. As a m atter of fact, community colleges usually offer courses comparable in academic rigor and difficulty to those taught at four-year colleges and universities (collegeatlas.org). However, where there is a significant difference is in the quality of the professors and classroom instruction. At a community college, more emphasis is focused on classroom instruction, whereas at a university they focus more on research. Therefore, many in academy now believe that the quality of instruction at communityShow MoreRelatedSchools Need Advanced Classes At Stephenson High School1077 Words   |  5 Pagesto do but also strive to do. Schools should not have the right to hold academically advanced kids back. All schools should be required to offer the same amount of advanced classes, such as honors classes, AP classes, or even foreign language classes. Every student should have the opportunity to take the classes that suit him or her academically and should have the right to take any class that will help prepare them for college. One of the main reasons that I feel so strongly about this specificRead MoreHigh School Vs. College Academic Writing Essay839 Words   |  4 Pagesby many of our High School English teachers that being able to formulate the perfect essay will make transitioning into the college academic conversation much less challenging. But did they ever teach us how to write such a paper? Well, there was the five-paragraph essay only rule among all of your teachers, and if it did not contain facts or opinions it was unacceptable. That is where one of the many differences between high school English and college English lies. Within college academic writingRead MoreLife at Purchase College671 Words   |  3 Pages Life at Purchase College Founded in 1967, Purchase College which is part of the State University of New York (SUNY) network of 64 universities and colleges was founded by Governor Nelson Rockefeller. He envisioned a major publicly funded university system. Purchase would individually combine on one campus, an art school training in the visual and performing arts with programs in the liberal arts and sciences. The site selected was a 500-acre working farm, originally the property of Thomas ThomasRead MoreMy Strong Latino Accent Is Important For Our Unique Capabilities That We Have Within Ourselves893 Words   |  4 Pagesaccent is something that I inevitably could not erase however, the various comments that come with my way of verbally expressing has often made me feel insignificant, and incompetent at times. Conversely, with the help of one of my professor at Biola University, I have come to learned that ascents should not diminish our unique capabilities that we have within ourselves. Moreover, I have gained an aspect of being open-minded, and surrounded myself in activities that involv ed expressing verbally. TruthfullyRead MoreCollege Tour Experience Essay1188 Words   |  5 PagesCOLLEGE TOUR EXPERIENCE One of my main goals in life is to be successful. Becoming successful is a lot of hard work. There are a total of twelve grades needed to be completed in this lifetime, just to be able to gain acknowledgement and education of what will occur in life. Well I’ve made it to my junior year in high school and it’s been a rough road but I’m still pushing through. One of my major goals is to make it to college to start my career and have a successful future. The current highRead MoreGraduation Speech : Paying Collegiate Athletes Essay1673 Words   |  7 Pages Michael Sorrentino Ms. O’ Callaghan Eng 101 J1 29 November, 2016 Paying Collegiate Athletes Sporting events at colleges date back to the mid 1840s and 1850s with Yale and Harvard introducing rowing, followed quickly by baseball at other institutions. Today, it is a multibillion dollar industry that is governed loosely by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and is generating revenue and popularity at an unprecedented rate. Therein lies a dramatic imbalance within this systemRead MoreUnderstanding The Wheaton College Culture And Services1636 Words   |  7 PagesUnderstanding the Wheaton College Culture and Services Wheaton College is a four-year, private liberal arts college with a student body of approximately 1,600. The small size of the campus and student body serve to make Wheaton a close-knit and student-centered community. The mission of the institution is to provide â€Å"a transformative liberal arts education for intellectually curious students in a collaborative, academically vibrant residential community that values a diverse world† (History andRead MoreEconomics and Urban Education678 Words   |  3 Pages Education is a quality in which all learning should be given under unconditional pretenses. The opportunity to be privileged with higher learning and creative diversities places an extraordinary value in which all children should achieve. However, when economic and ethnic demographics supersedes integrity, equality, fairness, and entailing security for all students. The modern issues of the urban education confronts our society with alarming facts that students are f ailing not only under theRead MoreBlack Males Performance in Higher Education1423 Words   |  6 Pagesperformance in education is a serious problem in the black community. Many black males find themselves performing poorly in educational institutions because they do not have father figures or leaders in their life. In this literature review, I will use literature researched by others as well as their thoughts to discuss the performance of black males in higher education and the problems they face during their process. Black males transition from high school unprepared for college due to a lackRead MoreA Study On Brigham Young University1055 Words   |  5 PagesBrigham Young University Brigham Young University, which was founded in 1875, is a church-affiliated college located in Provo, Utah. Brigham Young University, commonly referred to as BYU, strives to offer academically challenging science and liberal arts degrees while cultivating a faith-based environment. Brigham Young University is owned and operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS). In this academically rigorous and spiritually centered setting, students experience intensive

Digital Literacies Multimodal Communication

Question: Discuss about theDigital Literaciesfor Multimodal Communication. Answer: Affect Theory and Multimodal Communication The Affect theory channelizes affects (i.e., emotions) into separate categories and forms a connection with its typical response. To my belief, the emotion joy is understood through smiling. The Affect theory is ascribed to psychologist Silvan Tomkins. The term affect, according to Tomkins theory, talks about the biological portion of emotion. According to me, it spawns biological events. Multimodal literacy, propounded by Professor Gunter Kress and Professor Carey Jewitt, mentions about varied ways of knowledge manifestations. Multimodal literacy, which I think, underscores structure of discourse by assessing the development of specific semiotic resources, such as language and images. Emeritus professor Michael Halliday adumbrated teaching approaches, as far as multimodal literacy is concerned. The Age of Augmentation According to me, the age of augmentation explicates the transition from the oral tradition to the digital literacy. The digital literacy mentions about the propagation of education through the aid of computer. Initially, the phase of oral tradition permeated the landscape. With the advent of the digital age, the system of education becomes completely computer-aided. The age of augmentation entails the moving away from the oral tradition to computer phase. With the emergence of digital phase, the computer mode replaces pen-paper mode. The digital phase, as I think, transforms the character of media consumerism, along with change of the nature of digital policies. Reflective Blogs The idea of digital literacy, according to me, becomes increasingly popular in the recent epoch. I understand that the digital world helps to spread information. It forms a medium of communication in the global society. With the coming of the digital era, the art and literature assume a new character. It helps in creating interactive media. The digital literacy forms a new norm in the current phase. The concept of digital literacy is indeed baffling. It is really difficult to grasp the concept of digital literacy. It underlines the spread of communication through a digitized mode. With the use of internet connection, people can communicate with others through the digital medium. The platforms such as Facebook and Twitter set important paradigm in this regard.

Short Response to DeCartes Meditation free essay sample

Cogito comes from the Latin phrase Cogito ergo sum which means l think, therefore I am. I came up with this formula from Decartes statement on Meditation II, Doubting=Existence, Doubting=Thinking, Thinking=Existing, Doubt=Existence. Doubting serves as double purpose: to eliminate false beliefs and a mechanism to discover the truth. Although some some philosopher thinks that Cognito is flawed since what will happen if we stop thinking, I think he was misunderstood because existence in human form is, at least in my opinion, means you thought for even for just a moment. I can say that when I do not think about who am l, who I want to ecome, what I like, what I dislike, etc, I can personally state that I dont know what am I made of nor the reality of myself. Say I am being self-critical, yet I do feel I am valuable when I know myself, I think, I give opinions, and I care about stuff. We will write a custom essay sample on Short Response to DeCartes Meditation or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page I think Decartes in a way is perfectionist that he does not want to come always sum up to conclusion but rather he formulated the Cartesian method where: first is to start with an empty mind, second is to divide the problem, third is to reflect upon the problem (combine the divided the problem and also proceed from simple to omplex), fourth is to repeat the procedure again and again to make sure no errors are made. When you think, analyze, formulate, create hypothesis, create a solution Often times great results, perhaps great truth, is revealed. Of course, not all the time there is one final answer to everything. Its inevitable for a lot of people to seek for divine intervention and Decartes, after all his doubts and meditation, still ended up believing in God as the master planner. Also, in Meditation V, he stated that science and religion are not necessarily contradictory but rather maybe complimentary entities.

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Ozone Essays (942 words) - Ozone Depletion, Greenhouse Gases

Ozone annon Ozone is an important molecule in maintaining the homeostasis in the environment. Ozone, the molecule O3, makes a layer in the stratosphere, situated 10 to 15 kilometers from the earth's surface. The dioxide molecule, O2 and Oxygen atom O, collide with each other result in the formation of Ozone, O3. In this reaction, the molecule O3 contains an excess of energy. Once the molecule is formed, it is not stable enough to last long. The energy-rich O3 molecules discards the excess energy by colliding with another atom or molecule and transferring the energy in the form of heat. In the results of the decomposition of ozone into O2 and O in the ozone layer, solar radiation is absorbed. This process of the chemical bond breaking causing the absorption of a photon by a molecule is called photodissociation. Radiation with sufficient intensity, is capable of separating the O3 molecule, resulting in photodissociation. The cyclic process formation and decomposition of ozone provides a shield against ultraviolet radiation that enter the earth's atmosphere. If it were not for the chemical reaction of radiation and ozone in the stratosphere, these high-energy photons would penetrate the earth's surface. The ozone layer absorbers about 99% of the harmful radiation which makes it possible for animals and plants to live on the planet. In 1974, F. Sherwood Rowland and Mario Molina of the University of California proposed that chlorine from chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) could deplete the ozone layer. Beginning in 1957 to 1985, the British Antarctic Survey had measured the average ozone concentration over Halley Bay in Antarctica. Up until 1974, the ozone concentration remained stable. Yet after 1974, the team observed a decline of the ozone layer to levels less than 10%. From this study the awareness over the danger of the hole and ultraviolet radiation and the destruction being done to the earth. Scientists believe the expanding ozone hole, which is centered over Antarctica was caused by Chloroflurocarbons. CFCs are released into the environment through such sources as spray cans , air conditioners, factories, refrigerants and cleaning products. CFCs are dangerous to the atmosphere because after they are released into the environment, the sunlight breaks down the compound. The chlorine molecules react with the ozone molecules by permanently breaking down the molecule, thus diminishing the ozone layer. This rise poses a major threat environment. In 1985, in Vienna and in 1987 in Montreal, a Protocol was signed proposing the gradual termination of use of CFCs over the decades. A dramatic reduction in the use of CFCs was agreed on. Regulations to limit the production of fluorocarbon-11 and fluorocarbon-12 are being implemented in a number of nations. Yet scientist are still concerned for what the future holds. Scientist have estimated that the average rate of ozone depletion is 0.5% per year. For this reason, scientists are pushing for finding some option to fix the disaster. Hydrofluorocarbons and hydrochlorofluorocarbons have been proposed as CFC replacements. The atmospheric combinations expected to produce trifluoroacetate (TFA), which is removed mainly by the rain. Yet there still are problems which scientist are trying to sort out. The global average TFA concentration is very low, yet there is some concerns in situations of high evaporation, and the affects of TFA. TFA in high concentration could inhibit the plant growth, a risk that could turn disastrous. Another harmful ozone destroyer is Mythl bromide which is used by farmers for pests control, which is found in leaded gasoline, and Marine plants discharge it into the air. Mythl bromide reacts the same way as chloroflurocarbons, with the bromide molecule destroying the ozone. Why Mythl bromide is not as much of a problem as CFCs is because bromide does not survive as long in the atmosphere. By 1991, CFC's had been firmly established chlorine as the principle cause of the destruction of the ozone molecule, but scientist are still unsure about the degree of danger that myth bromide and other compounds pose to the ozone layer. To determine the depletion of the ozone layer, the National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA) has been studying the stratosphere and to measure the concentration of ozone, aerosol particles, nitrogen oxides, hydrogenoxied, and CFCs. Scientist studying the effects of the depletion of ozone agreed that there was a growing erosion in the ozone layer. Scientist have also agreed that the ozone layer has dropped to as much as 10%. There is a scary parallel in the rise in the amount of ultraviolet rays and the hole in the ozone. This threatens all living things. Scientist have predicted a 5 to 20 percent increase in ultraviolet radiation in the next 40